Empirical Databases of Shootings at U.S. Schools

Quote from the First Documented Shooting

at a American Insitution of Learning in 1840

     "We had hoped that crime had never found a resting place within these calm retreats, 'whose threshold the distracting cares of the world, or it's beguiling pleasures, never cross'- it was but a sweet self delusion".

       -Quote from the first school shooting at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, VA where Joseph Semmes shot and killed Professor John Davis during the exercise of "calathumping" (or shooting pistols wildly) on the 4th anniverary of the Student Revolt of 1836. ('Death of Professor Davis' -The Wetumpka Argus on December 2, 1840)

There are a lot of  victims injured in single victim school shootings do not get the media attention that they should because they do not fit the narrative that some would like.  A case that is an example of this is the shooting of Noelle "Cricket" Jones. She was shot at Italy High School on January 22nd, 2018. The Go Fund Me page that was set up for her states "the injuries she sustained range from a bullet lodged in her neck, another removed from her abdomen to a foot of unrepairable small intestine having to be removed as well. She is facing a lenghty hospital with multiple surgeries as well as an extended amount of time in physical rehabilitation." Her suffering and medical bills are no less because she was injured in a single victim school shooting and not a mass school shooting. Please donate to the Go Fund Me page that was set up for her. You can do that here: https://www.gofundme.com/medical-fund-for-noelle-cricket

More people have actully died in single victim school shootings than in the active shooter/mass school shootings (2 or more injured and/or killed) since 1945, but this is a little known fact.  

All school shootings victims matter! Let's not forget about any of them!

Databases

The dataset directly below is the master (or key) database that has all the different types of shootings at America's schools. It covers a wide variety of shootings that have occurred on-campus (or at school-sponsored events, like the prom) at America's institutions of learning. I have recently updated this spreadsheet and it now includes links for sources of information. I'm still in the process of working on adding all the sources. There are well over over  50,000 sources in the bibliography. You will need a subscription to newspapers.com to view most of the bibliography. You will also need subscriptions to newspaperarchive.com, questia.com, the NY Times TimesMachine archive, The Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, and many others to view some of the information. Please excuse the entries that are incomplete. I haven't got to them yet because the database is very large and I am it's sole purveyor.

 

Click Below to Access to View Comprehensive Database of All Types of American School Shootings (1840-present day) LAST UPDATED 7-4-2019
Excel spreadsheet with 88 columns ( I have added over 20 columns recently) that documents over 1,700 on-campus shootings (includes 3 bombings) at U.S. schools in American history dating back to 1840. Active shooter/mass shooting attacks are marked the color orange (2 or more injured and/or killed).There are 117 active shooter/mass shootings since 1891 which have killed 351 victims and injured another 688. Shootings that are marked with the a darker green (Green, accent 1) are labeled Potential Active Shooter Events (PASE) represent shootings that had the potential to become active shooter/mass shootings but were stopped by intervention of school staff or police, the shooter's suicide, etc.. Police Shootings at schools are labeled with the letters the color blue. Shootings labeled are marke
SSS-School Shooting Database.xlsb
xlsb File [2.7 MB]

School Shooting Epidemic Chart (1840-Present Day)

Year Number of All Types of Shootings at U.S. Schools (includes the active shooter & mass killings) Number Killed

Number

Injured

Number of Mass School Shootings

(4 or more killed)

Number Killed Number Injured

Number of Active Shooter/Mass School Shootings

(2 or more injured and/or killed)

Number Killed Number Injured
1840-1944 (104 years) 134 125 140 1 5 1 4 6 22
1945-1989 (45 years) 297 203 419 4 32 65 28 62 160

1990-Present Day

(29 years)

1, 268 561 1,066 15 153 128 85 232 346
Totals 1,699 889 1,625 20 190 194 117 300 528

Active Shooter and Mass School Shootings at K-12 Schools (1956-2019) Compares the effect of Gun-Free Zones Before and After the Gun-Free Schools Zones Act was Passed

73 Active Shooter Events at K-12 Schools from 1956-2019
This spreadsheet is of 73 active shooter and mass school shootings (9) at K-12 schools from 1956-2019. This database documents how active shooter events have nearly tripled and how student deaths have increased more than 9 times since gun-free zones legislation was passed in 1990.
SSS-School Shooting Database K-12 School[...]
xlsb File [431.4 KB]

''Students Deaths in Active Shooter Situations More than Nine Times as Likely Since Gun-Free Zones' 

This article published in the American Thinker below shows how dangerous and deadly Gun-Free Zones (GFZ's) actually are and why we should repeal the reckless federal law immediately. Here is the link or you can read it below:
https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2019/06/students_deaths_in_active_shooter_situations_more_than_nine_times_as_likely_since_gunfree_zones_.html

Students Deaths in Active Shooter Situations More than Nine Times as Likely Since Gun-Free Zones Chart:

Victims Killed and Injured in Active Shooter Events at K-12 Schools Before and After Gun-Free Zones

Date Number of Shootings Students Killed Students Injured Educators Killed Educators Injured

Other School

Employees Killed

(includes SRO's)

OtherSchool

Employees Injured (includes SRO's)
 

Other Victims Killed Other Victims Injured

Before Gun-Free Zones

1956-1989

(33 years)

11 19 76 8 13 4 3 4 13

After Gun-Free Zones

1990-2019

(29 years)

54 102 216 27 20 3 1 1 4

Totals

1956-2019

73 113 292 35 33 7 4 5 17

Students' Deaths in Active Shooter Situations More than Nine Times as Likely Since Gun-Free Zones                      by Eric Laurine

After sending their child off to school the most important concern for parents is their child’s safe return home. Since the Gun-Free School Zones Act became law in 1990 parents of K-12 students have become more than 9 times as likely to suffer the heartbreaking reality that their children might not be coming home because they were killed in a school shooting. An examination of 73 active shooter events at K-12 schools (at least 2 or more killed and/or injured) from 1956-2019, documented at www.schoolshootingdatabase.com, has found that these tragedies have nearly tripled in number since the inception of gun-free zones.
     Yet, gun control groups like The Giffords Law Center, say, “gun-free zones have helped make K–12 schools even safer, significantly reducing gun violence in these places.”   The groups Everytown for Gun Safety and Moms Demand Action, who also wholeheartedly support gun-free zones, would falsely lead you to believe that “there is no evidence that shooters target these areas.”  But none of these anti-gun organizations offers solid and transparent empirical research to support their claims. Meanwhile, there is plenty of empirical data that proves how dangerous gun-free zones actually are. The Crime Prevention and Research Center also has examined mass shootings and found that “between 1950 and 2018, 97.8 percent of all mass public shooting occurred in gun-free zones.”
     The two time periods looked at were from before gun-free zone legislation was passed from 1956-1989 (nearly 33 years) and after the implementation of gun-free zones from November of 1990-2019 (roughly 29 years). The 73 shootings examined resulted in a total of 160 deaths and 346 injuries, with 113 of the deaths (71%) and 292 of the injuries (84%) being students. In the chart below, you will see that before gun-free zones were enacted, there were 19 active shooter incidents at K-12 schools, killing a total of 27 and injuring 105. Eleven (41%) of the 27 victims killed were students as were 76 (72%) of the injuries. The only mass school shooting (4 or more killed) committed in the Before Gun-Free Zones era was the 1989 Cleveland Elementary School shooting by Patrick Purdy, a mentally ill drifter with an extensive criminal history, which alone accounted for 5 of the 11 student deaths along with 30 of the students injured.
    After gun-free zones became law, the number of active shooter scenarios surged to 54 shootings, as did the body count with 133 victims killed and 241 injured. Student deaths also spiked to 102 (77%) victims and another 216 (90%) students received gunshot injuries after the so-called common-sense reform of gun-free zones legislation was passed. Mass school shootings (4 or more killed) at K-12 schools went from being virtually non-existent, with one attack before gun-free zones, to 9 mass school shootings after the gun reform bill was enacted, ending the lives of 91 people and injuring 80 more. Seventy-five of the 91 victims, (81.5%) who had their dreams cut short, were students, and another 73 (91%) students received injuries, with some of them facing life-long complications, like, lead poisoning from shotgun pellets, multiple surgeries and PTSD.

    With a plethora of empirical data from multiple sources, it’s hard for gun control proponents to deny that America’s schools have became more dangerous since the passage of gun-free zone legislation. They will have to lie to do so. There’s no empirical data showing how gun-free zones or any other gun control measure has been effective and reduced America’s gun violence epidemic. Yet, gun-grabbing advocates still shamelessly take aim, bombard and mislead the American public after every active shooter or mass attack with ever-increasing and louder calls for common-sense gun reform utilizing foolish and outlandish side-show attacks on law-abiding gun-owners and the NRA to distract from having to debate the actual facts of gun violence, which they know are not in their favor.

    Gun-free zones have not become the Utopian theoretical deterrent that was once hoped for, but instead they’ve become lethal advertisements that attract vengeful, active and mass shooters, who seek out unarmed and vulnerable soft targets that gun-free zones so easily provide, to exact their revenge. Although the law seemed to be a bulletproof idea when it was passed by a bi-partisan Congress after being introduced by Senator Joe Biden in October of 1990 and signed into law by President George Bush Senior, shortly thereafter, the consequence has been that America’s K-12 students face a darker reality and their schools have become much more dangerous.        

      With students having become 9 times more likely to be killed and almost 3 times more likely to be injured at school by gunfire in an active and mass shooter situation since the passage of the Gun-Free School Zones Act. Wouldn’t repealing the federal law be the best common-sense measure we could undertake? Repealing gun-free zones would be a simple, inexpensive process and its frankly inexcusable that there is such resistance to a truly common-sense and life-saving idea. Repealing gun-free zones legislation and not repeating the same lethal lessons of past school shootings should be paramount and that should be a common-sense path that we all should be able to agree on.

This section is for mass school shootings. There are several databases in this section for all the definitions of a 'mass shooting' I have come across while doing this research.

Mass School Shootings (4 or more killed)

Mass School Shootings (MSS-D1) Updated 5-5-2019
Mass School Shooting-Definition 1
This dataset covers 20 mass school shootings using the definition or four or more killed.
SSS-School Shooting Database -Mass Shoot[...]
xlsb File [160.5 KB]

Mass School Shootings (3 or more killed)

Mass School Shootings (MSS-D2)
This datasets covers mass shooting attacks using three or more injured and/or killed. Two of the entries are bombings.
SSS- Mass School Shootings (3 or more ki[...]
xlsb File [147.5 KB]

Mass School Shootings (4 or More Injured and/or Killed)

Mass School Shootings (MSS-D3)
Mass School Shooting-Definition 3
This database covers mass shooting attacks using the definition of 4 or more injured and/or killed. Three entries are bombings.
SSS- Mass Shooting Attacks (4 or more in[...]
xlsb File [172.0 KB]

Mass School Shootings (3 or more injured and/or killed)

Mass School Shootings (MSS-D4)
This datasets covers mass shooting attacks when using the definition of three or more injured and/or killed). Three entries are bombings.
AAA-Mass Shooting Attacks (3 or more inj[...]
xlsb File [184.8 KB]

Potential Active Shooter Events (PASE)

The spreadsheet below is shootings that I believe should be noted because there were warning signs and factors where the shooting could have became an active shooter event or mass shooting attack but did not occur because the shooter committed suicide before the attack was about to be carried out, students or others who knew about the potential shooting alerted school officials, or the shootr was talked out of doing it by teachers and/or school administrators, or police intenvention.

Potential Active Shooter Events (PASE)
This datasets covers what I term Potential Active Shooter Events because the potential and warning signs for an active shooter/mass attacks is there but the the attack did not occur because the shooter committed suicide before the attack was about to be carried out, students or others who knew about the potential shooting alerted school officials, the shooter was talked out of doing it by teachers and/or school administrators, or police intervention.
ASE- Potential Active Shooter Events 9-2[...]
xlsb File [142.8 KB]

Number of Shootings at America's School through American History (needs updated because I've found many more shootings at our schools, past and present, since I posted this)

As you will see by exploring the spreadsheet and charts below in 'Number of Shootings at America's Schools Through American History' whatever definition one uses to define a mass school shooting the numbers go up at a very similar rate. I will be adding different types of shootings (accidental, gang related, etc..) at America's schools in the chart below as I get the work completed.

Number of Shootings at U.S Schools Per Year, Decade, & Century
This chart covers the number of school shootings since 1840. There are six sections. The first section covers all types of shootings at US schools. The second section is for Mass School Shootings (4 or more killed) . The third section is for Mass School shootings using the definition of 4 or more injured and/or killed. The fourth section covers the active shooter/mass shooting attacks combined (2 or more injured and/or killed). As you will see by looking at the charts in the enclosed document that no matter what definition one uses shootings at U.S schools go up at a very similar rate. I will be adding to this document as I get the work completed. 10-17-2018 (needs updated)
AAA-School Shootings by Year, Decade, C[...]
xlsb File [55.5 KB]

Spreadsheets of Off campus (or near school) Shootings, No Shots Fired (NSF) Incidents Involving Guns at Schools, & BB Gun Shootings

 Note:  Too often in other research projects BB gun school shootings, incidents where no shots were fired but involve firearms at schools, & shootings that happen just off campus or down the street from the school are included as if they are actual shooting that occurred at a school. The spreadsheets below were constructed to address the misrepresentations and claims of them being misconstrued as actual shootings at schools. Considering these shooting incidents as on-campus shootings effects the honesty and integrity of any research project and causes confusion on a topic that is already extremely complex and difficult to understand. I agree that they should be researched and studied but it should be done separately to ensure the quality of the data. How are to reduce America's school shooting epidemic and help and protect American students by using flawed research methods and biased data? If a shooting is identified as not happening on a school campus, using a bb gun, or where no gun was fired in this research project (schoolshootingdatabase.com) it is looked into and researched further to confirm its validity. If a shooting in the master database above is identified and confirmed as a bb gun shooting, an incident that a firearm was NOT discharged (or only brandished), or occurred off campus it is first marked (see above) and then removed from the database after confirmation it is not a on-campus shooting or happened at a school-sponsored event, (or the firearm was a pellet gun) and then it is placed in the correct database.

BB gun School Shootings
BB GUN SCHOOL SHOOTINGS ONLY 3 BINARY.xl[...]
xlsb File [80.5 KB]
No Shots Fired Incidents Involving Firearms at America's schools
NO SHOTS FIRED INCIDENTS INVOLVING GUNS [...]
xlsb File [85.5 KB]
Off Campus (or near) Shootings by America's Schools
OFF CAMPUS SHOOTINGS by Schools BINARY.[...]
xlsb File [86.7 KB]

Artwork done by Mark Panzarino (picture above)

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© 2019 All Rights Reserved Eric Laurine www.schoolshootingdatabase.com ericlaurine5181@gmail.com Brilliant, OH